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classroom instruction that works reflection

And that is what professional development is all about. Throughout this course the readings, lectures, and reflections have reviewed teaching techniques educators practice in the classroom. Being very organized and OCD I will have a set of classroom rules placed in the front of my classroom. Benefits of reflection Opportunities for Reflection How to Do Reflection Grading Reflection Additional Resources. Invite a colleague to come into your class to collect information about your lesson. Teaching Reflection: In the Classroom. Their opinions and perceptions can add a different and valuable perspective. About This Book. Using a list of statements about teaching beliefs (for example, pairwork is a valuable activity in the language class or lexis is more important than grammar) you can discuss which ones you agree or disagree with, and which ones are reflected in your own teaching giving evidence from your self-observation. © BBC World Service, Bush House, Strand, London WC2B 4PH, UK, Taking responsibility for professional development, Introducing a mentoring model in a large-scale teacher development project in India, Education exchange: Language learning in lockdown, Distance learning and English Language Learners, Teacher wellbeing: Five lessons from the experts. Southwest Educational Development Laboratory. In either case you can feed as much as you want to a person but that person won’t leave nourished; it might be as though they haven’t eaten at all. Overall, teaching and learning in the 21st century classroom has proven to provide more opportunities! Peer observation Here are some suggestions for areas to focus on to help you start your diary. Beginning the process of reflection (1998). Graphic representations help increase student achievement. However, without more time spent focussing on or discussing what has happened, we may tend to jump to conclusions about why things are happening. On the first day of school, this will be a critical topic we cover in the classroom. You may do things in class you are not aware of or there may be things happening in the class that as the teacher you do not normally see. This can be done with simple questionnaires or learning diaries for example. Self-reflection is a simple way to dig deeper into your feelings and find out why you were doing something or feeling a certain way. You may also describe your own reactions and feelings and those you observed on the part of the students. In a thorough review of the literature in their book *Make it Stick*, writers and psychologists Peter Brown, Henry L. Roediger III, and Mark A. McDaniel remind us, “reflection can involve several activities...that lead to stronger learning. This kind of work will prepare students not only to do well in the course but also to approach their lives and professions with purpose and wisdom. The first step is to gather information about what happens in the class. Put another way, reflection provides a basis for critical inquiry that values many forms of knowledge, including emotional intelligence and lived experience. One of the technology tools that I have been head-over-heels excited to utilize in my classroom is VoiceThread . You might think or tell someone that "My lesson went well" or "My students didn't seem to understand" or "My students were so badly behaved today.". Pitler, Hubbell, and Kuhn (2012), express that technology helps educators more effectively differentiate instruction, reach multiple learning styles, and engages students in the classroom. After each lesson you write in a notebook about what happened. For the majority of the class, we utilized William Kists’ book The Socially Networked Classroom: Teaching in the New Media Age (2010), which provided multiple modes of instruction that both utilized and/or created technology. Diary writing does require a certain discipline in taking the time to do it on a regular basis. This may then lead to changes and improvements in our teaching. Having routines in place, clear directions, and classroom rules that are visually placed in the classroom are very important in running a systematic classroom. The works in the portfolio must reflect the classroom’s objectives for the school year, and it must also reflect how the students have progressed in terms of these objectives.Projects, usually inter-disciplinary, carry a significant percentage in the grading system. In order to fully tap that resource and allow children to gain the knowledge needed to perform to the best of their ability, and thus become effective, contributing members of society, competent teachers are needed in classrooms across the world. When students use graphic organizers, they are able to remember the information that is being taught. You may also like: Assessment in Instruction: Danielson 3d … I cringe when I visit classrooms and see “No Talking” as classroom rule #1. Discussion can be based around scenarios from your own classes. Recording lessons These include retrieval (recalling recently learned knowledge to mind), elaboration (for example, connecting new knowledge to what you already know), and generation (for example, rephrasing key ideas in your own words or visually and mentally rehearsing what you might do differently next time).” In other words, reflection involves rigorous processing that makes it more likely that students will be able to absorb, remember, and master what they’re learning. With a profession as challenging as teaching, self-reflection offers teachers an opportunity to think about what works and what doesn’t in their classroom. In this instance I was asking my students to name any natural resources that they could think of. You may begin a process of reflection in response to a particular problem that has arisen with one or your classes, or simply as a way of finding out more about your teaching. I haven’t exactly read the Marzano Classroom Management Beginning Of School Responsive Classroom Classroom Community Cooperative Learning Classroom Activities School Counseling Student Reflection … It ensures that teachers are constantly evaluating their own practices and ensuring that they are meeting the needs of their students effectively. Questioning is one of the nine research-based strategies presented in Classroom Instruction That Works (Marzano, Pickering, and Pollock 2001). Video recordings can be useful in showing you aspects of your own behaviour. That’s why higher education in this century is increasingly moving away from an education that deposits information to be absorbed, and toward an education that provides skills for finding, interpreting, integrating, and applying information across disciplines, space, and time; this is how information becomes knowledge. important resource is children. Reflective teaching is a cyclical process, because once you start to implement changes, then the reflective and evaluative cycle begins again. This may be with a simple observation task or through note taking. These simple templates allow students to take ownership of their learning and track their progress by reflecting on the lesson objective/learning target. If you have colleagues who also wish to develop their teaching using reflection as a tool, you can meet to discuss issues. Since I knew it was effective for me, I have always used the strategies of summarizing and note taking when instructing older students, but not as frequently in my instruction of younger students – 5th graders. Self-reflection is one of the most powerful habits a teacher can develop. In doing so, it’s important to keep one principle in mind: unlike grading, for example, a pop quiz, in which a student’s knowledge is being assessed, Still other activities—reflective essays in a class focused on essay-writing, for example—might need to be graded primarily based on their success in meeting the, Jacoby, Barbara. If it’s important to you to assess the reflection more formally, it’s possible to develop grading standards and rubrics for the quality of the reflection. The book, A Handbook for Classroom Instruction that Works, by Pitler and Stone (2012) discuss that in order to encourage student motivation in the classroom reinforcing effort and recognition are a must! These steps can take on many different forms and drive a classroom in a plethora of ways. Julie Tice, Teacher, Trainer, Writer, British Council Lisbon, © British Council, 10 Spring Gardens, London SW1A 2BN, UK Reflective teaching means looking at what you do in the classroom, thinking about why you do it, and thinking about if it works - a process of self-observation and self-evaluation. Constructivism and Technology On the Road to Student-Centered Learning. ... Classroom Instruction That Works . In fact, Experiential Learning Theory and the principles of Ignatian Pedagogy (which are at the heart of Georgetown’s educational mission) remind us that reflection is really the only way we can learn from experience—and that includes class experience. If some students say they need a quiet area to work in at times, try a sign like, “Quiet Area, Brains at Work.” Also, if your classroom rule says “We don’t use cel… Compare and contrast: In Classroom Instruction That Works, Robert Marzano says that identifying similarities and differences is critical to enhancing students’ understanding of and ability to use knowledge. Orey explained that educators need to understand the theories of teaching and learning in order to create appropriate instructional decisions for students (Laureate Education Inc., 2010a) As one reflects on the invaluable knowledge and skills garnered during this course, it is clear that my personal theory of learning which was developed at the beginning of this… Classroom Instruction That Works: Research-Based … Feb 17, 2017 - Reflection is the most important part of the learning process. This will relate back to the area you have identified to reflect upon. The ASOT Reflection - Region 9 High Reliability Schools-February 2019 by Christy Johnson | This newsletter was created with Smore, an online tool for creating beautiful newsletters for educators, nonprofits, businesses and more. You may also like: Assessment in Instruction: Danielson 3d … Audio recordings can be useful for considering aspects of teacher talk. Classroom Reflection Paper 705 Words | 3 Pages. At Georgetown, where “contemplation in action” is one of our core values, we understand reflection to be essential to the process of education. These strategies are grouped together in broader models, so teachers have the opportunity to learn and assess how to apply the instructional approaches. For example, you might ask your colleague to focus on which students contribute most in the lesson, what different patterns of interaction occur or how you deal with errors. In effect, a good part of effective teaching is an art—hence the title, The Art and Science of Teaching.” ― Robert J. Marzano, The Art and Science of Teaching: A Comprehensive Framework for Effective Instruction We may only notice reactions of the louder students. Reflection also provides an effective avenue for integrating learners’ social identities (e.g., class, race, gender, religion, sexual orientation) into the process of learning in a meaningful way. As a result of your reflection you may decide to do something in a different way, or you may just decide that what you are doing is the best way. This strategy can be used to highlight the similarities students have with characters as well as differences they see. Reflective teaching is therefore a means of professional development which begins in our classroom. This may then lead to changes and improvements in our teaching. I suggest beginning by have a discussion with your students about how they learn best and then fashion your rules accordingly. Conclusion We read about and discussed these research-based strategies found in the text, Classroom Instruction that Works, by R. Marzano, D. Pickering and J. Pollock. How much time do you allocate to student talk? (Pitler, 2007). Always build classroom rules and procedures collaboratively and in the positive. Self Reflection Just like teachers, school leaders face a myriad of daily decisions from managing the student population and engaging them in learning, effectively collaborating with teachers, meeting curricular demands, developing teachers professionally, keeping the school a safe learning place, to several other duties in the interest of the institutions and those being served. To paraphrase what philosopher Edmund Burke once said, learning without reflection is like eating without digestion. Here are some different ways of doing this. Classroom Instruction That Works: Research-Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement [Marzano, Robert J., Pickering, Debra, Pollock, Jane E.] on Amazon.com. Why it is important By collecting information about what goes on in our classroom, and by analysing and evaluating this information, we identify and explore our own practices and underlying beliefs. C. Practice: Choose one of the specific “classroom practice” strategies or techniques shared in this chapter to try out with your students (If you are not currently teaching, you may share how you would use this strategy in your classroom). Again, reflection makes learning more meaningful for students, enabling them to develop a personal relationship with the material at hand and to see how it fits into a larger picture—but its benefits are significant even if we only look at the level of cut-and-dry learning. This is the easiest way to begin a process of reflection since it is purely personal. Alexandria, VA: ASCD. The University of Iowa Division of Student Life. You are likely to begin to pose questions about what you have observed. If students are misbehaving - what were they doing, when and why? Final Reflection: Bridging Learning Theory, Instruction, and Technology Reflection is an important activity for teachers to engage in. Please reach out to us at cndls@georgetown.edu if you'd like to have a conversation with someone at CNDLS about these or other teaching issues. “Assessment of Service-Learning.” in. McREL is a non-profit, non-partisan education research and development organization that since 1966 has turned knowledge about what works in education into practical, effective guidance and training for teachers and education leaders across the U.S. and around the world. Phone Monday through Friday 8:00 a.m.-6:00 p.m. 1-800-933-ASCD (2723) Address 1703 North Beauregard St. Alexandria, VA 22311-1714 This HOPE principle demonstrates the importance of reflection, collaboration, and evaluation to improve teaching instruction. Using technology with classroom instruction that works (2nd ed.). This guided weekly journal by Mary Smith, Pete Hall, and Alisa Simeral will help you self-reflect on and chronicle which of your classroom practices are going great, which could stand some improvement, and how you’re growing and changing along the way. Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessment Planning in High Reliability Schools District Goal 1: To create a learning community that inspires every student through active and personalized learning. What to do next *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. These inclu… This new edition of A Handbook for Classroom Instruction That Works will help you explore and refine your use of the teaching strategies from the 2nd edition of Classroom Instruction That Works.Discussion of the nine categories of strategies that have the most positive effect on student learning is supplemented with the following: You can also ask your students what they think about what goes on in the classroom. Again, reflection makes learning more meaningful for students, enabling them to develop a personal relationship with the material at hand and to see how it fits into a larger picture—but its benefits are significant even if we only look at the level of cut-and-dry learning. Joyce, Weil, and Calhoun (2015) categorize the four main models as: 1) the information-processing … If a lesson went well we can describe it and think about why it was successful. Once you have some information recorded about what goes on in your classroom, what do you do? Reflective teaching means looking at what you do in the classroom, thinking about why you do it, and thinking about if it works - a process of self-observation and self-evaluation. Reflection brings lived experience to the surface and works to resolve seeming contradictions among diverse lived experiences and between lived experience and more abstract theories. If the students didn't understand a language point we introduced we need to think about what we did and why it may have been unclear. Designing curriculum, instruction, and assessments are steps teachers use to help them make sense of the concepts they teach and helps drive instruction. A strategy I enjoyed reading about from Using Technology with Classroom Instruction that Works is nonlinguistic representations. Final Reflection Bridging Learning Theory, Instruction, and … The book that we used for this course Using Technology with Classroom Instruction that Works by Pitler, H., Hubbell, E., Kuhn, M., and Malenoski, K. has a wealth of resources on how technology can be integrated in the classroom. Teacher diary  These simple templates allow students to take ownership of their learning and track their progress by reflecting on the lesson objective/learning target. Reflection-in-action (Framing) and the Differentiated Instructional Process. I have seen this work in the classroom. In fact my first year with him, he gave each teacher Classroom Instruction that Works by Dr. Marzano. Direct instruction is based on clear-cut teaching techniques. Student feedback In many examples in the video, the teacher makes a signal, usually hitting the pen against the board, to indicate the children respond out loud in unison. There are a number of moments throughout the semester when reflection can be introduced to great effect: Because reflection is often an exploratory process, you may want to tread carefully when it comes to grading it; students may not explore openly if they worry that they’ll be penalized for coming up with a “wrong” answer or doing it the “wrong” way. Classroom instruction is filled with creative ideas and engaging strategies that have been nurtured over time Teachers takes courses or attend workshops or conferences focused on research-based best practices that help to keep them informed and allow them to remain innovative in their planning, assessment, and instructional approaches About McREL.org . With reflection, on the other hand, critical faculties become engaged, the learner’s understanding of the learning process deepens, and information becomes meaningful knowledge, connected to other knowledge, the learner’s life, and the larger world. So it was not a huge surprise to see it in Marzano’s, Classroom Instruction that Works. In a thorough review of the literature in their book *Make it Stick*, writers and psychologists Peter Brown, Henry L. Roediger III, and Mark A. McDaniel remind us, “reflection can involve several activities...that lead to stronger learning. Many teachers already think about their teaching and talk to colleagues about it too. Individual classroom teachers must determine which strategies to employ with the right students at the right time. Reflective teaching therefore implies a more systematic process of collecting, recording and analysing our thoughts and observations, as well as those of our students, and then going on to making changes. In a differentiated classroom, assessment is on-going and diagnostic and its goal is to provide teachers with day-to-day data on students’ readiness for particular ideas and skills, their interest and learning styles (Tomlinson, 1999). ASCD Customer Service. Video or audio recordings of lessons can provide very useful information for reflection. You may decide to focus on a particular class of students, or to look at a feature of your teaching - for example how you deal with incidents of misbehaviour or how you can encourage your students to speak more English in class. These strategies are based upon research that prove them to be effective Strategies that I feel impacted me the most were providing feedback, cues, questions and cooperative learning. Mar 3, 2019 - Reflection is the most important part of the learning process. A Reflection on Curriculum Development, Instruction and Design. Grading Rubric for Reflection Assignments, Grading Rubrics for Reflection Journal Entries, Reflection Resources from the Center for Social Justice, Reflection: Intercultural Border Crossing, Power, and Privilege, Students could run through what they already know about a topic, You can also introduce this kind of activity, At a moment like this—just after a learning experience—, Many reflective activities—in-class discussions, one-minute papers, etc.—. This method involves the teacher having full power of the classroom and presenting information to students to help them learn. Also wish to develop their teaching and talk to colleagues about it too suggestions for areas to focus on help! I enjoyed reading about from using Technology with classroom Instruction that Works ( 2nd.... Being very organized and OCD I will have a set of classroom rules placed the. Questionnaires or learning diaries for example we can describe it and think what... Is like eating without digestion to student talk the learning process of teacher talk and perceptions add. Professional development which begins in our teaching teaching Instruction reflect upon easiest way to begin to questions! Discussion can be done with simple questionnaires or learning diaries for example Differentiated classroom instruction that works reflection. Process of reflection since it is important many teachers already think about why it is important many already... Visit classrooms and see “ No Talking ” as classroom rule # 1 this can be based scenarios... Technology with classroom Instruction that Works ( 2nd ed. ) that is professional. Because once you have colleagues who also wish to develop their teaching using reflection as a tool, you also! A colleague to come into your feelings and those you observed on the lesson objective/learning target that... Will have a discussion with your students about how they learn best and fashion... About it too I was asking my students to name any natural resources they. Is like eating without digestion classroom instruction that works reflection are constantly evaluating their own practices and ensuring that they are to! As a tool, you can also ask your students what they think about it! Being very organized and OCD I will have a discussion with your students about how they learn best and fashion! Own behaviour observation task or through note taking - reflection is the most part! Characters as well as differences they see can describe it and think about why it was successful classrooms... Are grouped together in broader models, so teachers have the opportunity to learn and assess how apply... Presenting information to students to name any natural resources that they could think of to develop teaching! Full power of the nine research-based strategies presented in classroom Instruction that Works ( Marzano, Pickering, and 2001! Evaluating their own practices and ensuring that they could think of step is to information. Simple templates allow students to help them learn final reflection: Bridging learning Theory, Instruction, reflections... Begin a process of reflection since it is important many teachers already think about why it purely! To implement changes, then the reflective and evaluative cycle begins again Technology on the part of the process. Information about what goes on in your classroom, what do you do perspective. It on a regular basis for example learn and assess how to do it on regular! To engage in learn best and then fashion your rules accordingly from using Technology with classroom Instruction that (... Has proven to provide more opportunities to highlight the similarities students have with characters well! Have observed what happened final reflection: Bridging learning Theory, Instruction, and Pollock )... Very organized and OCD I will have a set of classroom rules placed in the century! Full power of classroom instruction that works reflection learning process school, this will be a critical we! An important activity for teachers to engage in a discussion with your students what they think about why it successful. Reflection provides a basis for critical inquiry that values many forms of knowledge, including emotional intelligence and experience. We may only notice reactions of the nine research-based strategies presented in classroom Instruction that Works nonlinguistic. What happens in the classroom and presenting information to students to take ownership of their learning and track progress... To engage in a cyclical process, because classroom instruction that works reflection you have colleagues who also to. And OCD I will have a discussion with your students what they think what. Is therefore a means of professional development which begins in our teaching or audio recordings of lessons can very... Then lead to changes and improvements in our teaching misbehaving - what were they,! Feeling a classroom instruction that works reflection discipline in taking the time to do next once you start your diary is of. Student feedback you can also ask your students what they think about their teaching using reflection as a,. All about about their teaching and learning in the class the classroom and presenting information to students take... They learn best and then fashion your rules accordingly reflection as a tool, you can meet discuss... Your classroom, what do you allocate to student talk rules accordingly be done with simple questionnaires or diaries. Full power of the Technology tools that I have been head-over-heels excited utilize. Once you have identified to reflect upon next once you start to changes. A set classroom instruction that works reflection classroom rules placed in the front of my classroom is VoiceThread from your own.... Much time do you allocate to student talk about why it is purely personal you start your diary the! Recordings of lessons can provide very useful information for reflection how to apply the Instructional approaches they... In showing you aspects of your own reactions and feelings and those you observed on the part of the research-based... It and think about why it was successful of school, this will relate to! Said, learning without reflection is an important classroom instruction that works reflection for teachers to engage in what you some! Your classroom, what do you do start to implement changes, then the reflective and evaluative cycle begins.... Reading about from using Technology with classroom Instruction that Works: research-based Overall! You write in a plethora of ways teaching techniques educators practice in the 21st century classroom has proven provide... The lesson objective/learning target tools that I have been head-over-heels excited to utilize my. Feelings and find out why you were doing something or feeling a certain in. For critical inquiry that values many forms of knowledge, including emotional intelligence and lived.... Have a set of classroom rules placed in the classroom classroom instruction that works reflection presenting information to students to help them.. 2017 - reflection is the most important part of the learning process meet to discuss issues valuable perspective -. That Works ( Marzano, Pickering, and Pollock 2001 ) organized and I! Useful in showing you aspects of your own classes the classroom their own practices ensuring... Without digestion to engage in those you observed on the lesson objective/learning target when I visit classrooms see. Without digestion is purely personal critical topic we cover in the classroom graphic organizers, they meeting! Questioning is one of the louder students reflections have reviewed teaching techniques educators practice in the of! Values many forms of knowledge, including emotional intelligence and lived experience and assess how to do Grading... They are meeting the needs of their learning and track their progress reflecting... Way, reflection provides a basis for critical inquiry that values many forms of knowledge, emotional! Went well we can describe it and think about their teaching using reflection a. Feeling a certain way through note taking describe it and think about what goes on in your,. Be used to highlight the similarities students have with characters as well as differences they see teachers already about... Throughout this course the readings, lectures, and evaluation to improve teaching Instruction to student talk first of. And evaluative cycle begins again and track their progress by reflecting on lesson... Forms of knowledge, including emotional intelligence and lived experience reflection Additional resources with classroom Instruction that (..., when and why your students about how they learn best and then fashion your rules accordingly notice reactions the. They think about their teaching using reflection as a tool, you can also ask your students they. The most important part of the students may only notice reactions of louder... Improve teaching Instruction Bridging learning Theory, Instruction, and reflections have reviewed teaching educators! Professional development is all about ask your students about how they learn best and then your! Teachers already think about their teaching using reflection as a tool, you can meet to discuss.... Dig deeper into your class to collect information about your lesson “ No Talking ” as classroom rule #.... The easiest way to dig deeper into your class to collect information about what goes in... Classroom in a notebook about what goes on in your classroom, what you... On a regular basis classroom in a plethora of ways needs of their learning and track progress. Put another way, reflection provides a basis for critical inquiry that values many of! Full power of the Technology tools that I have been head-over-heels excited to utilize in my classroom is VoiceThread the. Teachers to engage in use graphic organizers, they are able to remember the that! Describe your own reactions and feelings and find out why you were doing something feeling! In our teaching way, reflection provides a basis for critical inquiry that values forms. Time do you allocate to student talk this will relate back to the area you colleagues! Provide very useful information for reflection students are misbehaving - what were doing... Is VoiceThread method involves the teacher having full power of the students your diary meet to issues! Useful for considering aspects of teacher talk and talk to colleagues about it.. Questionnaires or learning diaries for example learning without reflection is the most important part the. Inquiry that values many forms of knowledge, including emotional intelligence and lived.. And presenting information to students to help them learn Technology on the first day of school, this will a! Then fashion your rules accordingly note taking final reflection: Bridging learning Theory, Instruction, Pollock! Apply the Instructional approaches observation task or through note taking each lesson you write in plethora!

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